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About Thailand - The Land of Smiles

Flag of Thailand
five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red
Flag of Thailand

Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of Thailand
conventional short form: Thailand

Location : Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Geographic coordinates15 00 N, 100 00 E

Area:total: 514,000 sq km
land: 511,770 sq km
water: 2,230 sq km

Land boundaries:total: 4,863 km
border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km
Coastline: 3,219 km
Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Status : UN Country

Capitol City : Bangkok (Krung Thep)

Population : 60,609,046 (July 1999 est.)

Currency : 1 Thai Baht = 100 Satang

Languages :Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Religions : Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6% (1991)


Ethnic groups:Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Climate:tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

Terrain:central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Elevation extremes:lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

Natural resources:tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite

Land use:
arable land: 34%
permanent crops: 6%
permanent pastures: 2%
forests and woodland: 26%
other: 32% (1993 est.)

Data code: TH

Government type:constitutional monarchy

National holiday:Birthday of His Majesty the King, 5 December (1927)

Islands in the Gulf of Thailand :

Koh Samui see also History of Samui

Koh Phangan

Koh Tao

Koh Nangyaun

Koh Chang

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